Past Events

March 31, 2014

Existing literature comparing open list and closed list PR has highlighted the way in which ballot type affects candidates' electoral strategies.  We depart from this literature by emphasizing that in certain circumstances giving voters choice over candidates via open-list PR can also affect their choice over parties.  When voters have strong opinions about an issue on which major parties are internally divided, open-list ballots give those voters an opportunity to express their preference without supporting a niche party.  We provide experimental evidence of this phenomenon from the UK, where we show in hypothetical European Parliament elections that using an open-list ballot would shift support from UKIP (the niche Eurosceptic party) to Eurosceptic candidates of both La

March 19, 2014

The 2012 United States presidential election was a contest between two candidates perceived as non-Christians by much of the voting population, despite the fact that both men claim a Christian identity. Barely half of all survey respondents identify Barack Obama as a Christian, and more than a quarter identify him as a Muslim. Similarly, only about half accept Mormonism (Mitt Romney’s religion) as a Christian religion. Using new questions devised for the 2012 American National Election Study, this paper shows that both candidates were hurt in 2012 by perceptions that they are not Christians.

March 17, 2014

To Stanford CP workshop readers: I am circulating this research design and draft pre-analysis plan for feedback and critique, relating to research we plan to undertake in Summer 2014.

March 12, 2014

Recent investigations (Theriault 2006, 2008; Bonica 2013a) have shown that ideologically moderate members of Congress have moved toward their respective parties’ means over the course of their careers.  Their “ideological migration” has been punctuated (occurring in spurts) and recent (in the last generation).  In this paper, we explain the ideological migration of moderates as a side effect of close partisan competition for control of the US House since 1994.  Competition for the House focused the attention of activists, donors, party leaders, the mass media and, ultimately, voters on the battle for majority status.  This increased attention to partisan competition reduced ind

March 10, 2014

We explore the role of language policy choices as a source of growth and development of nation states. First in a cross-country framework we document that choosing a social a language that is distant from the ones spoken by the local population is negatively correlated with the level of income per capita. This effect is economically meaningful and robust to a wide variety of controls such as institutional quality, geography, ethno-linguistic fractionalization and natural resources. To help interpret the cross-country results, we identify theoretically two channels: (a) the individual's exposure to and (b) the individual's mother tongue's distance from the social language.

March 7, 2014

 

 

 

Stephen Krasner is the Graham H. Stuart Professor of International Studies, the Senior Associate Dean for the Social Sciences, School of Humanities & Sciences, and the deputy director of FSI.  A former director of CDDRL, Krasner is also an FSI senior fellow, and a fellow of the Hoover Institution.

From February 2005 to April 2007 he served as the Director of Policy Planning at the US State Department. While at the State Department, Krasner was a driving force behind foreign assistance reform designed to more effectively target American foreign aid. He was also involved in activities related to the promotion of good governance and democratic institutions around the world.

March 5, 2014

We introduce a newly collected data set that captures the ideological preferences of nearly 400,000 American lawyers and judges who have made campaign contributions in recent decades. We use this data set to address two interrelated questions. First, we examine the overall ideological distribution of American attorneys, finding that the legal profession tilts to the ideological left – even when compared to other similarly educated professions. Second, we examine those individuals who are, or later went on to become, state or federal judges. We find that the ideological distribution of U.S. judges does not reflect the left-leaning distribution of lawyers, instead closely resembling the bimodal ideological distributions found among other (elected) branches of government.