Identity, whether national, religious, racial, ethnic, gender, sexual, or otherwise, can importantly shape how people experience the political world. Why do some identities become politically salient and how does identity shape politics? This course takes the core questions of comparative politics - democratization, development, social movements, civil society, conflict, etc. - and examines them through the lens of identity, particularly gender identity. We will do so by drawing on evidence and cases from across the globe.