Matthew Tyler - Getting More out of Human Coders with Statistical Models (Job Talk Practice)

Date
Mon, Oct 5 2020, 11:30am - 12:50pm
Photo of Matthew Tyler
Abstract

Human-coded data is the basis for research and decisions in the social sciences, industry, government, and beyond. But coders often make mistakes, are bi-

ased, or are unmotivated, and such errors render standard coding methods unreliable and inefficient. In this paper, I explain how explicitly modeling coder mistakes helps

to overcome errors in human coding — increasing the efficiency and reducing the bias of the final analysis. I introduce a new model, the biased-annotator competence

estimation (BACE), as a default coding model for typical social science coding tasks. I prove the conditions for identification of the key parameters of interest for this new

model and clarify the identification conditions for several models widely used across computer science and statistics. In simulations, I show that BACE serves as a viable

default model for human coders. In an application, I show that, once corrected with BACE, there is 2-3 times more partisan polarization in the discussion of presidential

candidates than would have been found using conventional hand-coding methods. I provide an easy-to-use R package that makes these models immediately applicable to
coding tasks.

Biography

Matthew Tyler is a Ph.D. Candidate in political science at Stanford University. He researches media polarization and statistical methods.