Toby graduated with a Ph.D. in Political Science from Stanford in Spring 2023 and currently works as a Senior Data Scientist in London, UK. His work sits at the intersection of political economy and comparative politics and studies how elections shape representation. In particular, Toby's research examines how electoral rules and institutions affect political careers, party organization and voter behavior. To study these questions, Toby applies and extends computational and causal inference methods to newly collected data on elections and local governments across Europe. More information about his research can be found at www.tobiasnowacki.com.
His work has been published in the Journal of Politics (x3) and Science Advances. Beyond research, Toby repeatedly served as teaching assistant for the department's graduate-level methods sequence and for undergraduate classes in comparative politics. He also maintains an active interest in measurement and inference problems in industry settings, e.g. experimentation with multi-armed bandits.
Toby holds a B.A. with first-class honors in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from the University of Warwick and a M.Sc. in Politics Research (with distinction) from the University of Oxford.